Sale!

Test bank for Vanders Human Physiology 15th Edition by Eric P. Widmaier Dr.

$55.00

-21%

👉 A complete Solution Manual & Testbank Solutions

✅ Original Source from Publisher

115 in stock

Placeholder
Test bank for Vanders Human Physiology 15th Edition by Eric P. Widmaier Dr. $70.00 $55.00
This item is selling fast!

✅ Format: Digital copy DOC DOCX PDF RTF in a "ZIP file."

☑️ All the chapters are included.

⌛ Time: 30 min to 5 Hours after Payment

😍 Chat Online Available 24/24

Guaranteed Safe Checkout

Test bank for Vanders Human Physiology 15th Edition by Eric P. Widmaier Dr.

Test bank for Vanders Human Physiology 15th Edition by Eric P. Widmaier Dr.

Eric Widmaier (Boston University) Hershel Raff (Medical College of Wisconsin) and Kevin Strang (University of Wisconsin) have taken on the challenge of maintaining the strengths and reputation of Vander’s Human Physiology: The Mechanisms of Body Function. Moving beyond the listing of mere facts it stresses the causal chains of events that constitute the mechanisms of body function. The fundamental purpose of this textbook is to present the principles and facts of human physiology in a format that is suitable for undergraduates regardless of academic background or field of study. Vander’s Human Physiology fifteenth edition carries on the tradition of clarity and accuracy while refining and updating the content to meet the needs of today’s instructors and students. The new edition offers an integrated package of textual and digital material to help deliver basic and clinical content real-life applications and educational technologies to students of physiology. With the 15th edition of Vander’s Human Physiology all these pieces come together to facilitate learning and enthusiasm for understanding the mechanisms of body function. Users who purchase Connect A&P receive access to the following digital resources: LearnSmart PrepSmartBookTegrity (Lecture Capture)Ph.i.L.S. (Physiology Interactive Laboratory Simulations)Anatomy & Physiology Revealed (Cadaver Version)

Additional ISBNs

1259903885, 1260231577, 1260544184, 9781259903885, 9781260231571, 9781260544183

Table of Contents

Cover
Title
Copyright
Brief Contents
Meet the Authors
From the Authors
Table of Contents
Index of Exercise Physiology
Guided Tour Through a Chapter
Updates and Additions
Connect
Acknowledgments
Chapter 1 Homeostasis: A Framework for Human Physiology
1.1 The Scope of Human Physiology
1.2 How Is the Body Organized?
Muscle Cells and Tissue
Neurons and Nervous Tissue
Epithelial Cells and Epithelial Tissue
Connective-Tissue Cells and Connective Tissue
Organs and Organ Systems
1.3 Body Fluid Compartments
1.4 Homeostasis: A Defining Feature of Physiology
1.5 General Characteristics of Homeostatic Control Systems
Feedback Systems
Resetting of Set Points
Feedforward Regulation
1.6 Components of Homeostatic Control Systems
Reflexes
Local Homeostatic Responses
1.7 The Role of Intercellular Chemical Messengers in Homeostasis
1.8 Processes Related to Homeostasis
Adaptation and Acclimatization
Biological Rhythms
Balance of Chemical Substances in the Body
1.9 General Principles of Physiology
Chapter 1 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 2 Chemical Composition of the Body and Its Relation to Physiology
2.1 Atoms
Components of Atoms
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
Ions
Atomic Composition of the Body
2.2 Molecules
Covalent Chemical Bonds
Ionic Bonds
Hydrogen Bonds
Molecular Shape
Ionic Molecules
Free Radicals
2.3 Solutions
Water
Molecular Solubility
Concentration
Hydrogen Ions and Acidity
2.4 Classes of Organic Molecules
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Chapter 2 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 3 Cellular Structure, Proteins, and Metabolic Pathways
SECTION A Cell Structure
3.1 Microscopic Observations of Cells
3.2 Membranes
Membrane Structure
Membrane Junctions
3.3 Cell Organelles
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Endosomes
Mitochondria
Lysosomes
Peroxisomes
Vaults
Cytoskeleton
SECTION B Protein Synthesis, Degradation, and Secretion
3.4 Genetic Code
3.5 Protein Synthesis
Transcription: mRNA Synthesis
Translation: Polypeptide Synthesis
Regulation of Protein Synthesis
Mutation
3.6 Protein Degradation
3.7 Protein Secretion
SECTION C Interactions Between Proteins and Ligands
3.8 Binding Site Characteristics
Chemical Specificity
Affinity
Saturation
Competition
3.9 Regulation of Binding Site Characteristics
Allosteric Modulation
Covalent Modulation
SECTION D Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
3.10 Chemical Reactions
Determinants of Reaction Rates
Reversible and Irreversible Reactions
Law of Mass Action
3.11 Enzymes
Cofactors
3.12 Regulation of Enzyme-Mediated Reactions
Substrate Concentration
Enzyme Concentration
Enzyme Activity
3.13 Multienzyme Reactions
SECTION E Metabolic Pathways
3.14 Cellular Energy Transfer
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Oxidative Phosphorylation
3.15 Carbohydrate, Fat, and Protein Metabolism
Carbohydrate Metabolism
Fat Metabolism
Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism
Metabolism Summary
3.16 Essential Nutrients
Vitamins
Chapter 3 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 4 Movement of Solutes and Water Across Cell Membranes
4.1 Diffusion
Magnitude and Direction of Diffusion
Diffusion Rate Versus Distance
Diffusion Through Membranes
4.2 Mediated-Transport Systems
Facilitated Diffusion
Active Transport
4.3 Osmosis
Extracellular Osmolarity and Cell Volume
4.4 Endocytosis and Exocytosis
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
4.5 Epithelial Transport
Chapter 4 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 5 Cell Signaling in Physiology
5.1 Receptors
Types of Receptors
Interactions Between Receptors and Ligands
Regulation of Receptors
5.2 Signal Transduction Pathways
Pathways Initiated by Lipid-Soluble Messengers
Pathways Initiated by Water-Soluble Messengers
Major Second Messengers
Other Messengers
Cessation of Activity in Signal Transduction Pathways
Chapter 5 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 6 Neuronal Signaling and the Structure of the Nervous System
SECTION A Cells of the Nervous System
6.1 Structure and Maintenance of Neurons
6.2 Functional Classes of Neurons
6.3 Glial Cells
6.4 Neural Growth and Regeneration
Growth and Development of Neurons
Regeneration of Axons
SECTION B Membrane Potentials
6.5 Basic Principles of Electricity
6.6 The Resting Membrane Potential
Nature and Magnitude of the Resting Membrane Potential
Contribution of Ion Concentration Differences
Contribution of Different Ion Permeabilities
Contribution of Ion Pumps
Summary of the Development of a Resting Membrane Potential
6.7 Graded Potentials and Action Potentials
Graded Potentials
Action Potentials
SECTION C Synapses
6.8 Functional Anatomy of Synapses
Electrical Synapses
Chemical Synapses
6.9 Mechanisms of Neurotransmitter Release
6.10 Activation of the Postsynaptic Cell
Binding of Neurotransmitters to Receptors
Removal of Neurotransmitter from the Synapse
Excitatory Chemical Synapses
Inhibitory Chemical Synapses
6.11 Synaptic Integration
6.12 Synaptic Strength
Presynaptic Mechanisms
Postsynaptic Mechanisms
Modification of Synaptic Transmission by Drugs and Disease
6.13 Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators
Acetylcholine
Biogenic Amines
Amino Acid Neurotransmitters
Neuropeptides
Gases
Purines
Lipids
6.14 Neuroeffector Communication
SECTION D Structure of the Nervous System
6.15 Central Nervous System: Brain
Forebrain: The Cerebrum
Forebrain: The Diencephalon
Hindbrain: The Cerebellum
Brainstem: The Midbrain, Pons, and Medulla Oblongata
6.16 Central Nervous System: Spinal Cord
6.17 Peripheral Nervous System
6.18 Autonomic Nervous System
6.19 Protective Elements Associated with the Brain
Meninges and Cerebrospinal Fluid
The Blood–Brain Barrier
Chapter 6 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 7 Sensory Physiology
SECTION A General Principles
7.1 Sensory Receptors
The Receptor Potential
7.2 Primary Sensory Coding
Stimulus Type
Stimulus Intensity
Stimulus Location
Central Control of Afferent Information
7.3 Ascending Neural Pathways in Sensory Systems
7.4 Association Cortex and Perceptual Processing
Factors That Affect Perception
SECTION B Specific Sensory Systems
7.5 Somatic Sensation
Touch and Pressure
Posture and Movement
Temperature
Pain and Itch
Neural Pathways of the Somatosensory System
7.6 Vision
Light
Overview of Eye Anatomy
The Optics of Vision
Photoreceptor Cells and Phototransduction
Neural Pathways of Vision
Color Vision
Color Blindness
Eye Movement
Common Diseases of the Eye
7.7 Audition
Sound
Sound Transmission in the Ear
Hair Cells of the Organ of Corti
Neural Pathways in Hearing
7.8 Vestibular System
The Semicircular Canals
The Utricle and Saccule
Vestibular Information and Pathways
7.9 Chemical Senses
Gustation
Olfaction
Chapter 7 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 8 Consciousness, the Brain, and Behavior
8.1 States of Consciousness
Electroencephalogram
The Waking State
Sleep
Neural Substrates of States of Consciousness
Coma and Brain Death
8.2 Conscious Experiences
Selective Attention
Neural Mechanisms of Conscious Experiences
8.3 Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
Emotion
8.4 Altered States of Consciousness
Schizophrenia
The Mood Disorders: Depression and Bipolar Disorders
Psychoactive Substances, Tolerance, and Substance Use Disorders
8.5 Learning and Memory
Memory
The Neural Basis of Learning and Memory
8.6 Cerebral Dominance and Language
Chapter 8 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 9 Muscle
SECTION A Skeletal Muscle
9.1 Structure
Cellular Structure
Connective Tissue Structure
Filament Structure
Sarcomere Structure
Other Myofibril Structures
9.2 Molecular Mechanisms of Skeletal Muscle Contraction
Membrane Excitation: The Neuromuscular Junction
Excitation–Contraction Coupling
Sliding-Filament Mechanism
9.3 Mechanics of Single-Fiber Contraction
Twitch Contractions
Load–Velocity Relation
Frequency–Tension Relation
Length–Tension Relation
9.4 Skeletal Muscle Energy Metabolism
Creatine Phosphate
Oxidative Phosphorylation
Glycolysis
Muscle Fatigue
9.5 Types of Skeletal Muscle Fibers
9.6 Whole-Muscle Contraction
Control of Muscle Tension
Control of Shortening Velocity
Muscle Adaptation to Exercise
Lever Action of Muscles and Bones
9.7 Skeletal Muscle Disorders
Muscle Cramps
Hypocalcemic Tetany
Muscular Dystrophy
Myasthenia Gravis
SECTION B Smooth and Cardiac Muscle
9.8 Structure of Smooth Muscle
9.9 Smooth Muscle Contraction and Its Control
Cross-Bridge Activation
Sources of Cytosolic Ca2+
Membrane Activation
Types of Smooth Muscle
9.10 Cardiac Muscle
Cellular Structure of Cardiac Muscle
Excitation–Contraction Coupling in Cardiac Muscle
Chapter 9 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 10 Control of Body Movement
10.1 Motor Control Hierarchy
Voluntary and Involuntary Actions
10.2 Local Control of Motor Neurons
Interneurons
Local Afferent Input
10.3 The Brain Motor Centers and the Descending Pathways They Control
Cerebral Cortex
Subcortical and Brainstem Nuclei
Cerebellum
Descending Pathways
10.4 Muscle Tone
Abnormal Muscle Tone
10.5 Maintenance of Upright Posture and Balance
10.6 Walking
Chapter 10 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 11 The Endocrine System
SECTION A General Characteristics of Hormones and Hormonal Control Systems
11.1 Hormones and Endocrine Glands
11.2 Hormone Structures and Synthesis
Amine Hormones
Peptide and Protein Hormones
Steroid Hormones
11.3 Hormone Transport in the Blood
11.4 Hormone Metabolism and Excretion
11.5 Mechanisms of Hormone Action
Hormone Receptors
Events Elicited by Hormone–Receptor Binding
Pharmacological Effects of Hormones
11.6 Inputs That Control Hormone Secretion
Control by Plasma Concentrations of Mineral Ions or Organic Nutrients
Control by Neurons
Control by Other Hormones
11.7 Types of Endocrine Disorders
Hyposecretion
Hypersecretion
Hyporesponsiveness and Hyperresponsiveness
SECTION B The Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland
11.8 Control Systems Involving the Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland
Posterior Pituitary Hormones
Anterior Pituitary Gland Hormones and the Hypothalamus
SECTION C The Thyroid Gland
11.9 Synthesis of Thyroid Hormone
11.10 Control of Thyroid Function
11.11 Actions of Thyroid Hormone
Metabolic Actions
Permissive Actions
Growth and Development
11.12 Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism
SECTION D The Endocrine Response to Stress
11.13 Physiological Functions of Cortisol
11.14 Functions of Cortisol in Stress
11.15 Adrenal Insufficiency and Cushing’s Syndrome
11.16 Other Hormones Released During Stress
SECTION E Endocrine Control of Growth
11.17 Bone Growth
11.18 Environmental Factors Influencing Growth
11.19 Hormonal Influences on Growth
Growth Hormone and Insulin-Like Growth Factors
Thyroid Hormone
Insulin
Sex Steroids
Cortisol
SECTION F Endocrine Control of Ca2+ Homeostasis
11.20 Effector Sites for Ca2+ Homeostasis
Bone
Kidneys
Gastrointestinal Tract
11.21 Hormonal Controls
Parathyroid Hormone
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D
Calcitonin
11.22 Metabolic Bone Diseases
Hypercalcemia
Hypocalcemia
Chapter 11 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 12 Cardiovascular Physiology
SECTION A Overview of the Circulatory System
12.1 Components of the Circulatory System
Blood
Plasma
The Blood Cells
Blood Flow
Circulation
12.2 Pressure, Flow, and Resistance
SECTION B The Heart
12.3 Anatomy
Cardiac Muscle
12.4 Heartbeat Coordination
Sequence of Excitation
Cardiac Action Potentials and Excitation of the SA Node
The Electrocardiogram
Excitation–Contraction Coupling
Refractory Period of the Heart
12.5 Mechanical Events of the Cardiac Cycle
Mid-Diastole to Late Diastole
Systole
Early Diastole
Pulmonary Circulation Pressures
Heart Sounds
12.6 The Cardiac Output
Control of Heart Rate
Control of Stroke Volume
12.7 Measurement of Cardiac Function
SECTION C The Vascular System
12.8 Arteries
Arterial Blood Pressure
Measurement of Systemic Arterial Pressure
12.9 Arterioles
Local Controls
Extrinsic Controls
Endothelial Cells and Vascular Smooth Muscle
Arteriolar Control in Specific Organs
12.10 Capillaries
Anatomy of the Capillary Network
Velocity of Capillary Blood Flow
Diffusion Across the Capillary Wall: Exchanges of Nutrients and Metabolic End Products
Bulk Flow Across the Capillary Wall: Distribution of the Extracellular Fluid
12.11 Venules and Veins
Determinants of Venous Pressure
12.12 The Lymphatic System
Mechanism of Lymph Flow
SECTION D Integration of Cardiovascular Function: Regulation of Systemic Arterial Pressure
12.13 Baroreceptor Reflexes
Arterial Baroreceptors
The Medullary Cardiovascular Center
Operation of the Arterial Baroreceptor Reflex
Other Baroreceptors
12.14 Blood Volume and Long-Term Regulation of Arterial Pressure
12.15 Other Cardiovascular Reflexes and Responses
SECTION E Cardiovascular Patterns in Health and Disease
12.16 Hemorrhage and Other Causes of Hypotension
Shock
12.17 The Upright Posture
12.18 Exercise
Maximal Oxygen Consumption and Training
12.19 Hypertension
12.20 Heart Failure
12.21 Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
12.22 Coronary Artery Disease and Heart Attacks
Causes and Prevention
Drug Therapy
Interventions
Stroke and TIA
SECTION F Hemostasis: The Prevention of Blood Loss
12.23 Formation of a Platelet Plug
12.24 Blood Coagulation: Clot Formation
12.25 Anticlotting Systems
Factors That Oppose Clot Formation
The Fibrinolytic System
12.26 Anticlotting Drugs
Chapter 12 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 13 Respiratory Physiology
13.1 Organization of the Respiratory System
The Airways and Blood Vessels
Site of Gas Exchange: The Alveoli
Relation of the Lungs to the Thoracic (Chest) Wall
13.2 Principles of Ventilation
Ventilation
Boyle’s Law
Transmural Pressures
How Is a Stable Balance of Transmural Pressures Achieved Between Breaths?
Inspiration
Expiration
13.3 Lung Mechanics
Lung Compliance
Airway Resistance
Lung Volumes and Capacities
13.4 Alveolar Ventilation
Dead Space
13.5 Exchange of Gases in Alveoli and Tissues
Partial Pressures of Gases
Alveolar Gas Pressures
Gas Exchange Between Alveoli and Blood
Matching of Ventilation and Blood Flow in Alveoli
Gas Exchange Between Tissues and Blood
13.6 Transport of Oxygen in Blood
What Is the Effect of Po2 on Hemoglobin Saturation?
Effects of Other Factors on Hemoglobin Saturation and Oxygen-Carrying Capacity
13.7 Transport of Carbon Dioxide in Blood
13.8 Transport of Hydrogen Ion Between Tissues and Lungs
13.9 Control of Respiration
Neural Generation of Rhythmic Breathing
Control of Ventilation by Po2, and H+ Concentration
Control of Ventilation During Exercise
Other Ventilatory Responses
13.10 Hypoxia
Why Do Ventilation–Perfusion Abnormalities Affect O2 More Than CO2?
Emphysema
Acclimatization to High Altitude
13.11 Nonrespiratory Functions of the Lungs
Chapter 13 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 14 The Kidneys and Regulation of Water and Inorganic Ions
SECTION A Basic Principles of Renal Physiology
14.1 Renal Functions
14.2 Structure of the Kidneys and Urinary System
14.3 Basic Renal Processes
Glomerular Filtration
Tubular Reabsorption
Tubular Secretion
Metabolism by the Tubules
Regulation of Membrane Channels and Transporters
“Division of Labor” in the Tubules
14.4 The Concept of Renal Clearance
14.5 Micturition
Involuntary (Spinal) Control
Voluntary Control
Incontinence
SECTION B Regulation of Ion and Water Balance
14.6 Total-Body Balance of Sodium and Water
14.7 Basic Renal Processes for Sodium and Water
Primary Active Na+ Reabsorption
Coupling of Water Reabsorption to Na+ Reabsorption
Urine Concentration: The Countercurrent Multiplier System
14.8 Renal Sodium Regulation
Control of GFR
Control of Na+ Reabsorption
14.9 Renal Water Regulation
Osmoreceptor Control of Vasopressin Secretion
Baroreceptor Control of Vasopressin Secretion
14.10 A Summary Example: The Response to Sweating
14.11 Thirst and Salt Appetite
14.12 Potassium Regulation
Renal Regulation of K+
14.13 Renal Regulation of Calcium and Phosphate Ions
14.14 Summary—Division of Labor
14.15 Diuretics
SECTION C Hydrogen Ion Regulation
14.16 Sources of Hydrogen Ion Gain or Loss
14.17 Buffering of Hydrogen Ion in the Body
14.18 Integration of Homeostatic Controls
14.19 Renal Mechanisms
HCO3 − Handling
Addition of New HCO3− to the Plasma
14.20 Classification of Acidosis and Alkalosis
Chapter 14 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 15 The Digestion and Absorption of Food
15.1 Overview of the Digestive System
15.2 Structure of the Gastrointestinal Tract Wall
15.3 How Are Gastrointestinal Processes Regulated?
Neural Regulation
Hormonal Regulation
Phases of Gastrointestinal Control
15.4 Mouth, Pharynx, and Esophagus
Saliva
Chewing
Swallowing
15.5 The Stomach
Anatomy
Secretions of the Stomach
Gastric Motility
15.6 The Small Intestine
Anatomy
Secretions
Digestion and Absorption in the Small Intestine
Motility of the Small Intestine
15.7 The Large Intestine
Anatomy
Secretion, Digestion and Absorption in the Large Intestine
Motility of the Large Intestine and Defecation
15.8 Pathophysiology of the Digestive System
Ulcers
Vomiting
Gallstones
Lactose Intolerance
Constipation and Diarrhea
Chapter 15 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 16 Regulation of Organic Metabolism and Energy Balance
SECTION A Control and Integration of Carbohydrate, Protein, and Fat Metabolism
16.1 Events of the Absorptive and Postabsorptive States
Absorptive State
Postabsorptive State
16.2 Endocrine and Neural Control of the Absorptive and Postabsorptive States
Insulin
Glucagon
Epinephrine and Sympathetic Nerves to Liver and Adipose Tissue
Cortisol
Growth Hormone
Hypoglycemia
16.3 Energy Homeostasis in Exercise and Stress
SECTION B Regulation of Total-Body Energy Balance
16.4 General Principles of Energy Expenditure
Metabolic Rate
16.5 Regulation of Total-Body Energy Stores
Regulation of Food Intake
Overweight and Obesity
Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa
What Should We Eat?
SECTION C Regulation of Body Temperature
16.6 General Principles of Thermoregulation
Mechanisms of Heat Loss or Gain
Temperature-Regulating Reflexes
Temperature Acclimatization
16.7 Fever and Hyperthermia
Chapter 16 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 17 Reproduction
SECTION A Gametogenesis, Sex Determination, and Sex Differentiation; General Principles of Reproductive Endocrinology
17.1 Gametogenesis
17.2 Sex Determination
17.3 Sex Differentiation
Differentiation of the Gonads
Differentiation of Internal and External Genitalia
Fetal and Neonatal Programming
Sexual Differentiation of the Brain
17.4 General Principles of Reproductive Endocrinology
Androgens
Estrogens and Progesterone
Effects of Gonadal Steroids
Hypothalamo–Pituitary–Gonadal Control
SECTION B Male Reproductive Physiology
17.5 Anatomy
17.6 Spermatogenesis
Sertoli Cells
Leydig Cells
Production of Mature Sperm
17.7 Transport of Sperm
Erection
Ejaculation
17.8 Hormonal Control of Male Reproductive Functions
Control of the Testes
Testosterone
17.9 Puberty
Secondary Sex Characteristics and Growth
Behavior
Anabolic Steroid Use
17.10 Hypogonadism
17.11 Andropause
SECTION C Female Reproductive Physiology
17.12 Anatomy
17.13 Ovarian Functions
Oogenesis
Follicle Growth
Formation of the Corpus Luteum
Sites of Synthesis of Ovarian Hormones
17.14 Control of Ovarian Function
Follicle Development and Estrogen Synthesis During the Early and Middle Follicular Phases
LH Surge and Ovulation
The Luteal Phase
17.15 Uterine Changes in the Menstrual Cycle
17.16 Additional Effects of Gonadal Steroids
17.17 Puberty
17.18 Female Sexual Response
17.19 Menopause
SECTION D Pregnancy, Contraception, Infertility, and Hormonal Changes through Life
17.20 Fertilization and Early Development
Egg Transport
Intercourse, Sperm Transport, and Capacitation
Fertilization
Early Development, Implantation, and Placentation
17.21 Hormonal and Other Changes During Pregnancy
Preeclampsia and Pregnancy Sickness 642
17.22 Parturition and Lactation
Parturition
Lactation
17.23 Contraception and Infertility
Contraception
Infertility
17.24 Summary of Reproductive Hormones Through Life
Chapter 17 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 18 The Immune System
18.1 Cells and Secretions Mediating Immune Defenses
Immune Cells
Immune Cell Secretions: Cytokines
18.2 Innate Immune Responses
Defenses at Body Surfaces
Inflammation
Interferons
Toll-Like Receptors
18.3 Adaptive Immune Responses
Overview
Lymphoid Organs and Lymphocyte Origins
Humoral and Cell-Mediated Responses: Functions of B Cells and T Cells
Lymphocyte Receptors
Antigen Presentation to T Cells
NK Cells
Development of Immune Tolerance
Antibody-Mediated Immune Responses: Defenses Against Bacteria, Extracellular Viruses, and Toxins
Defenses Against Virus-Infected Cells and Cancer Cells
18.4 Systemic Manifestations of Infection
18.5 Factors That Alter the Resistance to Infection
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Antibiotics
18.6 Harmful Immune Responses
Graft Rejection
Transfusion Reactions
Hypersensitivities
Autoimmune Disease
Excessive Inflammatory Responses
Chapter 18 Clinical Case Study
ASSORTED ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
ANSWERS TO PHYSIOLOGICAL INQUIRY QUESTIONS
Chapter 19 Medical Physiology: Integration Using Clinical Cases
SECTION A Case Study of a Woman with Palpitations and Heat Intolerance
19.1 Case Presentation
19.2 Physical Examination
19.3 Laboratory Tests
19.4 Diagnosis
19.5 Physiological Integration
19.6 Therapy
SECTION B Case Study of a Man with Chest Pain After a Long Airplane Flight
19.7 Case Presentation
19.8 Physical Examination
19.9 Laboratory Tests
19.10 Diagnosis
19.11 Physiological Integration
19.12 Therapy
SECTION C Case Study of a Man with Abdominal Pain, Fever, and Circulatory Failure
19.13 Case Presentation
19.14 Physical Examination
19.15 Laboratory Tests
19.16 Diagnosis
19.17 Physiological Integration
19.18 Therapy
SECTION D Case Study of a College Student with Nausea, Flushing, and Sweating
19.19 Case Presentation
19.20 Physical Examination
19.21 Laboratory Tests
19.22 Diagnosis
19.23 Physiological Integration
19.24 Therapy
Appendix A Answers to Test Questions
Appendix B Index of Clinical Terms
Appendix C Concentration Ranges of Commonly Measured Variables in Blood
Glossary | Index
Free Sample Test bank for Vanders Human Physiology 15th Edition by Eric P. Widmaier Dr.

For customer’s satisfaction, we provide free samples for any required Textbook solution or test bank to check and evaluate before making the final purchase..

If you require any further information, let me know. using Live Chat or Contact Us

Test bank for Vanders Human Physiology 15th Edition by Eric P. Widmaier Dr.