Test Bank for American Social Welfare Policy A Pluralist Approach 8th Edition by Howard Jacob Karger



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Test Bank for American Social Welfare Policy A Pluralist Approach 8th Edition by Howard Jacob Karger
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Test Bank for American Social Welfare Policy A Pluralist Approach 8th Edition by Howard Jacob Karger

Test Bank for American Social Welfare Policy A Pluralist Approach 8th Edition by Howard Jacob Karger

For courses in Social Welfare Policy. Note: This is the bound book only and does not include access to the Enhanced Pearson eText. To order the Enhanced Pearson eText packaged with a bound book, use ISBN 0134303199. Comprehensive, current coverage of the history, issues, and forces that shape American social welfare policy. American Social Welfare Policy, Eighth Edition cultivates an understanding of both national and international social welfare policy. Using a policy analysis framework, the authors give students the background needed to grasp the social, political, and economic forces that shape social welfare policy, analyze the major programs that make up the U.S. welfare state, and discuss basic social welfare concepts. Updated throughout, the Eighth Edition examines the dramatic domestic and international events occurring since the previous edition that have impacted social welfare policy worldwide. The Enhanced Pearson eText* is: Engaging. The new interactive, multimedia learning features were developed by the authors and other subject-matter experts to deepen and enrich the learning experience. Convenient. Enjoy instant online access from your computer or download the Pearson eText App to read on or offline on your iPad® and Android® tablet.** Affordable. Experience the advantages of the Enhanced Pearson eText along with all the benefits of print for 40% to 50% less than a print bound book. *The Enhanced eText features are only available in the Pearson eText format. They are not available in third-party eTexts or downloads. **The Pearson eText App is available on Google Play and in the App Store. It requires Android OS 3.1-4, a 7” or 10” tablet, or iPad iOS 5.0 or later.

Additional ISBNs

0134543475, 9780134543475

Table of Content

American Social Welfare Policy A Pluralist Approach
About the Authors
Brief Contents
Part One American Social Welfare Policy
Chapter 1 Social Policy and the American Welfare State
Definitions of Social Welfare Policy
Social Problems and Social Welfare Policy
Social Work and Social Policy
Values, Ideology, and Social Welfare Policy
The Political Economy of American Social Welfare
The U.S. Economic Continuum
Keynesian Economics
Conservative or Free Market Economics
The Global Financial Crisis (GFC)
Democratic Socialism
The U.S. Political Continuum
Liberalism and Left-of-Center Movements
The Self-Reliance School
Classical Conservatives and the Far Right
Classic Conservatism
Cultural and Social Conservatism
The Welfare Philosophers and the Neoconservative Think Tanks
Discussion Questions
Chapter 2 A Brief History of the American Social Welfare State
Early Antecedents of Welfare Statism
Judeo-Christian Doctrine and Social Welfare
The English Poor Laws
The Poor in Colonial America
Social Welfare in the Civil War Era
Industrialization and the Voluntary Sector
Social Darwinism
Religion and Social Welfare
Charity Organization Societies
Settlement Houses
African American Associations
The Social Casework Agency
The Progressive Movement
The Great Depression and the Modern Welfare State
The Post-World War II Welfare State
The Languishing Social Welfare State
Discussion Questions
Chapter 3 Social Welfare Policy Research A Framework for Policy Analysis
A Proposed Model for Policy Analysis
Historical Background of the Policy
Problems that Necessitate the Policy
Policy Description
Policy Analysis
Policy Goals
Political Feasibility
Economic Feasibility
Administrative Feasibility
Researching and Analyzing a Social Policy Assignment
Social Policy Research and the Internet
Discussion Questions
Chapter 4 Discrimination in American Society
The Minority Middle Class
African Americans
The Demography of African Americans
African Americans in Poverty
The “Diswelfare” of African Americans
Family Structure
Labor Force Participation and Income
Welfare Dependency
Hispanic Americans
Hispanic Poverty and Income
Diversity in the Hispanic Population
American Indians
Asian Americans
Immigrants and Immigration
Immigration-Based Discrimination in Europe
Women and Society
Violence and Sexism
The Feminization of Poverty
Myths around Women and Work
Income and Job Disparities between Men and Women
Day Care: A Barrier to Female Employment
Other Obstacles Faced by Working Women
Abortion and Women’s Rights
Gender Discrimination and Violence in an International Context
Gays and Lesbians: Two Populations at Risk
Gay Rights
Gays and Lesbians in the Military
Gay and Lesbian Family Life
AIDS and the Gay Community
Elderly Poverty and Social Programs
Health Care and the Elderly
People with Disabilities
Legal Attempts to Remedy Discrimination
Desegregation and the Civil Rights Movement
Affirmative Action
Discussion Questions
Chapter 5 Poverty in America
Theories on Poverty
Culture of Poverty
Eugenics and Poverty
The Progressive Understanding of Poverty
Who Makes Up the Poor?
Measuring Poverty
Measuring the Depth of Poverty
Families and Poverty
Child Support Enforcement
Children in Poverty
Poverty and the Elderly
The Rural Poor
Work and Poverty
A Profile of the Working Poor
Why Are There Working Poor?
Underemployment and Unemployment
Dual Labor Markets
Wages and Poverty
The Minimum Wage
The Living Wage Movement
Strategies Developed to Combat Poverty
Three Approaches to Combat Poverty
America’s Fringe Economy80
The Unbanked and the Functionally Poor
Credit and the Poor
Preloaded or Stored Value Debit Cards
Telecommunications and the Alternative Services Market
The Furniture and Appliance Rental Industry
Car Title Pawns
Payday Loans
Check Cashing Outlets (CCOs)
Transportation in the Fringe Economy
World Poverty
Discussion Questions
Part Two The Voluntary and For-Profit Social Sectors
Chapter 6 The Voluntary Sector Today
Traditional Providers
The Independent Sector
Advancing Social Justice
The United Way
Elite Philanthropy
The Future of the Voluntary Sector
Faith-Based Social Services
Social Entrepreneurship
Issues Facing the Voluntary Sector
Property Tax Exemptions
Religious Precepts
Celebrity Philanthropy
Discussion Questions
Chapter 7 Privatization and Human Service Corporations
Privatization Issues
Preferential Selection
Dual Levels of Care
The Challenge of Privatization
Unions and the Private Sector
Social Contributions of Business
Corporate Influence on Social Welfare Policy
The Future of Corporate Involvement in Social Welfare
Human Service Corporations
Consolidation and Growth in New Human Service Markets
Nursing Homes
Hospital Management
Health Maintenance Organizations
Child Care
Home Health Care
Public Welfare
Private Practice
The Future of Private Practice
Discussion Questions
Part Three The Government Sector
Chapter 8 The Making of Governmental Policy
Technical Aspects of the Policy Process
A Critical Analysis of the Policy Process
The Policy Process
Social Stratification
The Fiscal Cliff and Sequestration
Social Work and Advocacy Organizations
Advocacy Organizations and the New Policy Institutes
Children’s Defense Fund
The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (CBPP)
Economic Policy Institute (EPI)
Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR)
New America Foundation
Center for American Progress
Political Practice
Discussion Questions
Chapter 9 Tax Policy and Income Distribution
History of U.S. Tax Policy
Federal Taxes
Taxes, Spending, and the Debt
Tax Policy and Special Interests
Income Distribution
State Tax Policy and the Poor
The Efficiency of Tax Policy in Reducing Poverty
Tax Expenditures as AntiPoverty Policy
The Anti-Tax Movement
The Debate over Economic Inequality
Discussion Questions
Chapter 10 Social Insurance Programs
Definition of Social Insurance
The Background of Social Insurance
The Financial Organization of Social Insurance
Key Social Insurance Programs
Unemployment Compensation
Problems in UI
Workers’ Compensation
The Social Security Dilemma
Arguments against the Current Social Security System
Arguments for the Current Social Security System
Social Security in Trouble
The Long-Term Prospects for Social Security
Medicare (Hospital Insurance and Supplementary Medical Insurance)
Lingering Problems in the Social Security System
Reforming Social Security
Privatizing Social Security
Pension Systems in Selected Industrialized Countries
Canada’s Retirement Income System
Retirement in the United Kingdom
The Chilean Experiment in Privatizing Social Security
Germany’s Social Security System
The Greek Pension System
The Australian Retirement System
Discussion Questions
Chapter 11 Public Assistance Programs
Assumptions and Myths about Public Assistance
Aid to Families with Dependent Children
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996
Other Reforms
Has the PRWORA Worked?
Teenage Pregnancy
Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
Problems in SSI
General Assistance
Trends and Issues in Public Assistance
The Transformation of Welfare Policy into Labor Policy
Welfare to Work (Workfare)
Welfare Behaviorism
Behavioral Poverty
Personal and Parental Responsibility
Discussion Questions
Chapter 12 The American Health Care System
The Uninsured
The Organization of Medical Services
Major Public Health Programs: Medicare, Medicaid, and S-CHIP
Medicare Coverage
Gaps in Medicare Coverage
Reimbursements to Providers
The Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP)
The Health Care Crisis
Overview of U.S. Health Care Expenditures
Explaining the High Cost of U.S. Health Care
Hospital Costs
Physicians’ Salaries
The Pharmaceutical Industry
Cutting Health Care Costs
Managed Care
The Underinsured
Gun Violence and Health Care Policy
The Debate around Gun Control
What Can Be Done
U.S. Health Care in International Perspective
Comparative Analysis: Health Care in Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia
The Canadian Health Care System
The United Kingdom’s National Health Service
The Australian Health care System
Reforming U.S. Health Care
National Health Service
National Health Insurance
Single-Payer System
Incremental Reform
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (P.L. 111-148)
Discussion Questions
Chapter 13 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Policy
Mental Health Reform
The Community Mental Health Centers Acts
The Advent of Psychotropic Medication
The Psychopharmacological Scandal
Children’s Mental Health
Mental Health and Substance Abuse Funding
Parity for Mental Health Care
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Substance Abuse
Alcohol Abuse
Drug Abuse
Discussion Questions
Chapter 14 Criminal Justice
History of U.S. Criminal Justice
The Criminal Justice System
Juvenile Justice
The New Jim Crow
The War on Drugs
The Underclass and “Moral Poverty”
The Prison Industrial Complex
Legalization of Drugs
Police Violence
Discussion Questions
Chapter 15 Child Welfare Policy
History of U.S. Child Welfare Policy
Protective Services for Children
Foster Care for Children
Head Start
Emerging Issues in Child Welfare
Day Care
Maternal and Child Health
Teen Pregnancy
Discussion Questions
Chapter 16 Housing Policies
Overview of Housing Legislation
The Federal Government and Low-Income Housing Programs
Issues in Housing Policy
Trends in U.S. Housing
Problems in Homeownership
Homeownership and the Subprime Mortgage Crisis
The Downside of Homeownership
Problems in Finding Affordable Rental Housing
Overcrowded and Deficient Housing
Other Factors Affecting Housing
Characteristics of the Homeless Population
Trends in Homelessness
Attempts to Address Homelessness
Housing Reform
Housing in an International Context
Comparison of U.S. and European Housing
Public Housing
Discussion Questions
Chapter 17 The Politics of Food Policy and Rural Life
The Contradictions of American Food Policy
Hunger in the United States
Governmental Food Programs
SNAP (Formerly Called Food Stamps): A Description of the Program
SNAP: Who Is in the Program, and What Does It Cost?
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)
Other Food Programs
Have the Food Programs Worked?
Farming in the United States
Governmental Farm Policies
Biofuels, Fracking, and Farming
The Face of U.S. Farming
Issues in American Farming
The Corporatization of American Farming
Genetic Engineering
Global Trade
Food Safety
Local Selling
Organic Farming
Sustainable Development
Climate Change
Discussion Questions
Part Four The American Welfare State in Perspective
Chapter 18 The American Welfare State in International Perspective
Typologies of Welfare States
American Exceptionalism
The Welfare State in Transition
Ranking National Development
The Fourth World
Capability Poverty
International Aid
Global Capital
The Future
Discussion Questions
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